Behind the establishment of any knowledge, subject or matter there is only one concern – it should be useful to make human life happy & prosperous and make the civilization & culture progressive & developing.
Vedic Vaastu Shaastra and Feng Shui(Chinese Vaastu Shastra), also work on the principle of improvement thereby making human life and its environment happy and prosperous.
“Yatha Pinde Tatha Brahmande” means that there is an entire Universe in all matter, whatever small it is. In this way, man and his dwelling is part of the Universe. Many unseen universal elements also affect them e.g. – flow of magnetic energy in north and South Pole and ultra violet & infra red rays in sunlight. The combinations of all these elements are the basis of Vedic Vaastu Shaastra.
The meaning of ‘Vaastu’ is present & impactful. There are five major elements present in this universe, from which our bodies and this world are made of. The variance in its size, structure and form make the difference. The following words of Tulsidas also prove it-
“Chiti jal pavak gagan samveera
Panch Rahit Yeh Adham Shareera”
That is to say earth, water, fire, air and sky are the five basic elements, whose fine balance rules the Laws of Nature. Whenever there is an imbalance in these five elements, the human body & the related environment have to suffer the ill consequences. It is also stated in Ayurveda that whenever there is disharmony in air, fire and water in our body our body system faces many ill effects. For example – imbalance of air leads to gastric problems, disharmony of water leads to cough & cold and skin disorders like acne etc. are faced due to excess of fire.
When the five elements of our body are in harmony or balance with nature, our life will be organized and will run smoothly. In simple words, this means that the house in which you reside should be in harmony & balance with your own basic nature. A person living in a house with imbalanced elements will suffer from mental stress, economic losses, physical problems, lowering in social status and fear of government etc.
It is important to understand that the science of vaastu shaastra is dependent on the individual, i.e. your own basic characteristics and the alignment of stars at the time of your birth. This determines how your house should be made. For example, if you are a person with water sign of pisces, scorpio or cancer, then the direction of your main door should be in north east whereas, if you have a fire sign then the house should be facing south east.
Similarly, in nature if there is disharmony in the proportion of fire, air & water or there is any deformity then there are adverse effects on the environment. For example, due to imbalance in air element there are storms, due to imbalance in fire elements there are earthquakes, volcano irruptions etc and due to water imbalance there are floods, tsunami etc. It is obvious that this imbalance in environment can ruin human life completely.
Therefore it is necessary that wherever we live on this planet we have to create a balance between all the five basic elements to lead a fruitful life.
It is an established fact that opposites attract and like things repel. Due to attraction there is formation of nature and due to repulsion it is exactly the opposite i.e. destruction.
In similar manner, Chinese folklore have a famous proverb that the life has three main components i.e “Luck, literature & fengshui”. Fengshui is as old as Vaastu Shaastra in India. Around 5000 years ago followers of Buddhism took this knowledge to China through Tibet. And for spreading the knowledge of their religion they established “Matha” temples and there the Vaastu Shaastra of India and the Chinese knowledge regarding enhancing prosperity came under one umbrella & became ‘Fengshui’.
When Fengshui came to India, due to excessive attraction of all Indians towards all imported items, we started following it blindly without thinking and thought ourselves to be blessed.
What is Fengshui? Feng means water and shui means air. Chinese believe that if environmental powers like water and air are favorable to Universe, it will not only create balance in the nature but also improve our luck.
The principle of fengshui joins human and nature on the basis of Yin & Yang. Yin means positive energy and Yang means negative energy. These two powers rule the entire Universe. According to Chinese vaastu shaastra – ‘fengshui’- ‘chi’ is pranic energy which flows in every direction. This energy is a symbol of life. This invisible chi makes rivers flow, give life to trees, make fields full and chi flows even inside human body. This life giving chi has two parts- positive ‘yin’ & negative ‘yang’. For good health & fruitful life there should be a balance between the two forms of energy.
The pranic energy ‘chi’ which regulates life according to fengshui is divided into five elements – water, wood, fire, earth & metal.
According to Chinese people everything in this universe is made up of one of these elements. And these elements are interchangeable amongst themselves, for example water nourishes wood, wood burns by fire and turns to ash and forms a part of earth, inside earth metal is created and metal liquefies to become liquid due to fire.
In this manner this cycle of conversion of energy is continuously going on in the universe. In fengshui the five basic elements are the basis of this universe and every element depicts a particular shape, color, direction and season.
Triangle is a sign of summer, fire; it depicts red color and south direction. Yellow color depicts East, element- earth, Wood depicts green color and spring season. Whole year is depicted by black color and has equal energies of all four directions. Spiral shape depicts north, water and ice and is associated with winter. Spherical shape represents white color, west direction and season- autumn.
Chinese relate these elements of Fengshui to Chinese astrology. They consider the earth a basis and consider speed of moon according to rotation of earth. According to Chinese calendar moon stays in one sun sign and hence have one element dominant for one year and therefore to complete rotation in all 12 sun signs it takes 12 years. According to them a person who is born under the dominance of one element should be advised to live in a house with dominance of that particular element. For example, water element represents knowledge, emotions, imagination and travel and persons with water as dominant element are writers, artists and introverts. Therefore to give maximum benefits to their personality these persons should primarily use water elements in their houses.
Like Feng shui, Vedic Vaastu has three universal elements. These are Satva, Rajja and Tama. Satva is such a force that gives life stability, growth, morality and positivity. ‘Tamsay’ element is exact opposite of all morality and related to aggression, negativity and destruction, ‘Rajja’ is between these two forces which gives life and environment activity, progressiveness and change.
Knowledge of both Vaastu and Fengshui proves that in human life and its surrounding environment, the principle of goodness or balance is necessary so that life is full of abundance, prosperity and happiness.
But along with this we have to remember that vaastu shaastra and fengshui is dependent on specific country, time and situation. Therefore, to blindly follow fengshui in our environment can in some ways be harmful as fengshui has been developed keeping in mind the environment of China.
According to geographical situation of China, to keep the Southern area of the house open and low is very good so that in summers the cool breeze coming from south can come in the house. Whereas in India north-eastern region should be kept open and low so that the early morning sun can bestow its rays and we can get goodness of northern breeze from Himalayas.
Similarly in Chinese social perspective according to fengshui the guest room is kept a little lower than kitchen so that the guest do not take away with him all the pranic ‘chi’ energy when he goes. Whereas in our culture, guest is our God and we feel happy by keeping them high.
In relation to Chinese mythology four animals protect the house, in east green python, in south red bird, in north black tortoise and in west white cheetah. Whereas in Indian mythology, Ganapati God of prosperity and ‘Vighnaharta’ protects the house, although in four direction east is for ‘Deva’, south is for ‘Yaksha’, west is for ‘Pisacha’ and north is dedicated for our forefathers or ‘Pitra’.
Bamboo tree is lucky according to Chinese folklores but according to Hindu mythology ‘Harshringara’ which came out during ‘Samudra Manthan’ is representative of prosperity and is a must in every house, ‘Meetha Neem’ is good for health and ‘Vrinda’ is good for the women of the house.
Therefore before selecting anything from any system we have to choose intelligently. To follow something without understanding can be an example of blindfolded mentality. It would be relevant to understand that how two schools of knowledge based on similar principle but practiced in different geographical areas, situations, climate, social and cultural variance can be related and why should we follow any other system, when we have our own scientifically designed and proven system?